Hardwood is easily the most common flooring option. The hardwood industry is constructed using a variety of different species. Beginning with the species taking up to 80% of the market share; red oak, this is followed by maple, ash and birch, among other species comprising the rest of the hardwood industry. Hardwood flooring is durable, reliable and most importantly premium. It adds a rich touch to the overall feel of the home. Especially when you get into the more luxurious exotic species like acacia and jatoba. Hardwood flooring comes in two flavors, engineered hardwood and solid hardwood. Solid hardwood leans more towards the classic yet durable product but sacrifices any sort of water resistance. Engineered hardwood is the more modern option offering superior water resistance, wider plank options, and overall more flexibility in regards to options. Solid hardwood flooring originally began at widths of around 2 ¼ inches, as time passed, it grew in size to 3 ¼ inches and then to 4 ¼ inches. This trend peaked at 5 inches, simply due to hardwood flooring not being able to be produced wider than 5 inches. This is because the source of hardwood flooring are natural trees and this causes the wood to come out warped at widths more than 5 inches. This also causes solid hardwood flooring to be damaged in the event that water comes into contact with the surface of the flooring for prolonged periods of time. Engineered hardwood flooring was introduced at this point. Formed using a combination of plywood-core & a layer of actual solid wood that are both compressed together. This allows engineered hardwood flooring to withstand water, providing at the very least, water resistance and increased moisture control. Furthermore, the engineered hardwood brang the benefit of widths beyond 5 inches up to 8 inches. Both of these options ring in at widths of ¾ inches mainly, making them very sturdy. Engineered hardwood flooring is slightly unique in the sense that it is more commonly made at thicknesses closer to ½ inch and ⅝ inches for varying durability. Their cores can also be changed out for MDF or HDF rather than the usual plywood core. Considering all these factors, this makes hardwood the most prestigious and premium flooring product.